These guidelines contain information on aspects of trade that will change as soon as the agreement between the United Kingdom and the Palestinian Authority enters into force. This is for British companies that trade with the Palestinian Authority. 56.Although the interim agreement between the United Kingdom and the Palestinian Authority was concluded on 26 February 2019, it is not formally subject to Section 20 of the Constitutional Reform and Governance Act (CRAG); nor is it subject to a legal procedure for parliamentary review. Indeed, the CRAG Act applies only to “treaties” defined in Section 25 as written agreements “between states or between states and international organizations.” The United Kingdom does not recognize Palestine as a state, so the agreement with the Palestinian Authority is not a treaty within the meaning of the law. Tariffs on bilateral merchandise trade between the United Kingdom and the Palestinian Authority will continue to apply as soon as the agreement enters into force. However, in some cases, non-preferential rates may be lower due to changes to the most favoured nation scale in the United Kingdom. After leaving the European Union, the UK plans to negotiate trade agreements to replace and complement members of the EU Customs Union. Since October 2020[update], the UK has concluded a new trade agreement (with Japan) for the continuation of 20 existing agreements (EU) and new negotiations are under way. The British government calls itself a proponent of free trade.   58.The interim agreement between the United Kingdom and the Palestinian Authority is a succinct agreement that includes, mutatis mutandis, the interim association agreement between the EU and the Palestinian Authority on trade and cooperation.40 The UK agreement aims to ensure the continuity of the effect of this pre-agreement. The agreement also protects existing preferential access to essential products.
British consumers will continue to benefit from wider choice and lower prices for products imported from Israel, such as medicines, with Israeli companies being the main suppliers of the NHS. The agreement will ensure essential protection of intellectual property rights and maintain high trade standards across the sector. On 18 February 2019, the Ministry of International Trade (DIT) announced the signing of the UK-Israel Trade and Partnership Agreement, which mimics existing trade agreements under the EU-Israel Association Agreement as much as possible. It will come into force at the end of the implementation period in January 2021 or 29 March 2019, when the UK will leave the EU without a deal.